Australia wide there is about 11500 square kilometres of mangrove. Within NSW mangroves occupy approximately 107 square kilometres. Mangrove forests are usually located along shorelines sheltered from wave action, growing within sand but more often within mud. Minnamurra River provides a barrier estuary where the development of the sand spit separates the river and the sea. The warmest months are December, January and February with an average January maximum temperature of 26 degrees Ceslius. July is the coldest month experiencing and average July minimum of 9 degrees Celsius. The Minnamurra River is located 80 kilometres south of Sydney on the NSW south coast. The mangrove forests of the Minnamurra River estuary comprise the Grey Mangrove (Avicennia marina), the River Mangrove (Aegiceras corniculatum) and a variety of other plants and animals, including seagrasses and saltmarshes. These are the only two mangroves found in the temperate regions of southern Australia. The Minnamurra mangrove population is the largest between the Georges River and the Shoalhaven River. Click on the icon on the map for specific details about transport to the site and program options particularly for Stage 6 Biology, Earth and Environmental Science, Senior Science and Geography.